Monday, August 10, 2020

The Ten Civilizations Crucial to the Historical Development of Western Philosophy

1. Ancient Athens (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle)

2. The Roman Republic and Roman Empire (Cicero, Marcus Aurelius)

3. Medieval Early Christianity (Augustine, Aquinas)

4. The Aristotelian Arabs during the Dark Ages (Avicenna, Averroes)

5. Continental Europe of the Renaissance (Descartes, Spinoza)

6. Enlightenment England (Locke, Hume)

7. Continental Europe of the Enlightenment (Kant, Hegel)

8. Late 19th/Early 20th Century America (William James, Ayn Rand)

9. Late 19th/Early 20th Century England (Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein)

10. Late 19th/Early 20th Century Continental Europe (Karl Marx, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Karl Popper)